Senile Dementia

Dementia is a mental decline where a person losses their logical abilities.
Senile dementia is not a particular disease but is caused by other disease.
Alzheimer’s is a common cause of dementia


Dementia is found mainly in elder people. They lose their ablity to function normally. Dementia can also be a result of a long term brain injury or disease of the body.

Signs of dementia:


  • Memory loss and difficulty in thinking clearly. This affects their ability to learn new information and recall old information.
  • Language disturbances
  • Lack of awareness of surroundings
  • Hard and sometimes even impossible for the person to take care of themselves.imagesCAGP1CE0.jpg
  • Personality changes
  • Confusion
  • Anxiety
  • Difficulty communicating and concentrating
  • Restlessness


  • Frail and weaker
  • Looks older that chronological age
  • Stooped posture
  • Poor appetite especially during the day
  • Wrinkled skin
  • Brittleness of bone and stiffened joins

Causes of senile dementia

Dementia is not a disease on it's own. people develop dementia due to some other kind of brain pathology such as:
  • Parkinson’s diseases
  • Injury to brain
  • AIDs
  • Alzheimer’s disease
  • Vascular dementia
  • Brain tumours
  • Drug interactions
  • Chronic alcohol abuse
  • Chronic exposure to harmful chemicals
Senile dementia usually targets people in their old age. Mainly in adults over the age of 65


Dementia cannot be reversed. However there are drugs which can improve symptoms and slow down the progression of the disease. These drugs also help to improve the persons quality of life and ease the burden for the caregivers and family members.

Long term prognosis:

There is no cure for dementia. As time passes the condition deteriorates and the patient’s symptoms become more visible. Care givers are needed to watch over the patient because it becomes nearly impossible for the person to take care of themselves.
  • Moderate to advanced dementia:
    • The person needs round the clock care and supervision to prevent them from harming themselves.
    • Person needs assistance with basic daily activities such as eating, bathing and dressing.
    • It is important to have a care giver who is patient and understanding.

    The home environment can be dangerous for the sufferer because there are sharp tool which the person can harm themselves with. For example sharp knives, chemicals, tools.elderly-caregiver-150x150.jpg
    Safety measures can be taken by:
    • Installing bed and bathroom safety rails
    • Removing locks of bathroom and bedroom
    • Lowering hot water temperatures
    • Attaching some sort of identity in case they get lost.

Dementia cannot be prevented however there are ways in which you can delay the dieses.
  • Live a healthy lifestyle. Lower your cholesterol levels and blood pressure levels. Eat a healthy balanced diet.
  • Do exercise regularly
  • Reduce alcohol intake and don’t do drugs.
  • Engage in intellectually stimulating activities such as chess, crossword puzzles playomg an instrument.