What is epilepsy?

Epilepsy is a brain disorder in which group of nerve cells or neurons in the brain send out abnormal signals. Neurons normally create electrochemical impulses that act on the other neurons, muscles and glands to produce movement, feelings and thought. A person who is epileptic, their normal pattern of neuronal activity is disturbed causing strange emotions, behaviour, muscle spasms and a loss of consciousness this results in having a seizure. Some people may experience this occasionally but for others this happens many times a day.

Symptoms of epilepsy

These are the most common symptoms experienced either before, or during, a seizure.

  • Feeling very weak
  • Anxiety
  • Loss of consciousness
  • Contraction, or Jerking, of Body Muscles

Epilepsy triggers
  • Damage to the brain while it’s still developing during the first 3 months of pregnancy
  • Trauma to the skull
  • Blood clots and hemorrhages in the brain
  • Brain tumors
  • Long seizures and fever fits could induce brain damage.
  • Stress, anxiety, or other emotional issues
  • Alcohol abuse
Can epilepsy be prevented?
While it is not possible to prevent epilepsy, Several measures can be taken to prevent head injury and trauma. There are several ways to prevent seizures from happening frequently.

There are several measures that can be taken to prevent major head injuries and trauma such as:
  • Wearing seat belts
  • Strapping children into car seats
  • And wearing protective helmets

There are other ways to prevent seizures from happening frequently:
  • Avoiding alcohol, drugs and managing stress this helps to reduce mood swings and may help seizure control
  • Keeping a regular sleep schedule and not depriving yourself of sleep, this may decrease stress.
  • Taking medicine to help reduce stress, anxiety and emotional stress
  • Eating healthy
  • Knowing the side effects of medication been taken.

Treatment of epilepsy
  • Medication- By taking medication it will not cure epilepsy but it can control and prevent the frequency of seizures.
  • Surgery- By removing a small part of the brain which is the underlying cause of epilepsy.
  • The ketogenic diet- is very high in fat, low in protein, and almost carbohydrate-free diet. This can be effective in the treatment of difficult-to-control seizures in some children.
  • Counselling
  • Complementary therapy